Designs on the state of Dubai
With UAE in burn-out mode a saving horizon for the UK economy has taken a shocked step aback.
But its not new news, its not even a shock to those connected with work in the Middle East, many saw this coming for well over a year. It is not a secret that ‘the family’ have long since supported each other and taking in to account the pride of the nation, the family name, the culture of the middle east and the wealth of the family I would be surprised to see Dubai fall totally to its knees.
In my opinion, Dubai was always going to be the Emperors’ new clothes. Built without an infrastructure, how could it survive for more than a decade? It has architecture like no other, was the response to those in business who doubted its longevity. Yes, but it’s built on ego and sand, that’s the first ingredient of the recipe for a fall.
To build a business or a concrete structure requires the same basic rules. Firstly identify the need, and then identify the market: research, and research again. Then factor in the worse possible scenarios such as government changes, financial downturn, competition and consumer needs, and finally address those factors one by one. If it still looks good, then plan, plan and plan again. Be flexible and nimble enough to adapt with your planning as market forces change.
Dubai was developed to demonstrate power, as a built environment. However major infrastructure was delivered only as an afterthought. For example, Dubai did not think to build a transport system until it discovered that it took hours to reach some of the islands. Secondly, Dubai planners did not create a core reason to travel there, such as Singapore’s efforts and success in creating a global shopping destination. Dubai was initially planned to be an alternative gateway to Singapore and cut down on long haul travel for those in the west, thus making the retail facilities, services and choice available in Dubai a major attraction, or not, for customers. As a business consultant I therefore identify two key risks for Dubai: shopping and airlines.
Airlines The next step should have been to identify the airlines needs and the shopping demographic. There are two major airlines for Dubai, Emirate Airlines and Etihad, the latter being the newest airline which launched, identified its market, identified the lifestyle and needs of its customer and then designed an airline to fit that need. It also identified its competitor’s services and found its core market was long-haul so Eithad provided short-haul flights. Emirate airlines do not want the short-haul flights blocking their routes; their strategy was to price-out the short trips as they did not want vacant seats for the second leg on their long-haul flights. In doing so, they provided an opportunity for Etihad. Emirates drove their customer-base to a new supplier, with new planes, who provided luxury as a differential. It worked. Etihad is the world’s best airline according to the latest airline awards and having flown on Etihad myself it is absolutely the most luxurious airline (in fact the hotels around the world might learn something from the services and customer-care provided by Etihad!)
Shopping Shopping in Dubai is not different to any other international city, in fact I understand it is less interesting, collections are limited as religious beliefs prevent some items from import, so the mix is limited, the price is the same, so why would you carry it across the world when you could buy the same product locally for the same price? It was founded on luxury and therefore the shopping needed to reflect that but ultimately it must have a full mix to fit. Which leaves the destination itself, what does it have to offer? It’s on the sea, has fantastic weather, it’s a safe destination for families and the hotels are super-luxury and super-designed. Dubai pushed the boundaries for design and architecture to its limit, and then more. However, this is good only for a standard 2.4 day stay. As a business destination, it suits the business traveller – however not for anything other than host or attend conferences. This is a doomed formula. Vegas, also known for its conferences and events, has gambling, shows, playgrounds and conferences to sustain it. Dubai for cultural reasons can not replicate this.
So, the lesson learned, is that in a strong market, everyone works, everything makes money and everyone is happy, but when the finance dries up, when jobs are scarce and when push comes to shove, all the gloating and squawking means nothing. To survive you must build a business or destination on a strong foundation to fit the needs of the end user.